5+ beginner stitches that every knitter should know

If you're just starting to knit or even if you have been at it for a while, there are a series of stitches that everyone should know. I have had my own failed attempts at knitting. My grandmother is a master knitter, and she has taken so much time to teach me the ropes — or should I say lengths of yarn.
Try as I might, there are some stitches I just can't master. The short videos that follow provide step-by-step instructions to show some basic knitting stitches. Take a look to see if you can improve your knitting game.
1. Cast-on stitch
All knitting involves casting on stitches, which are essentially loops on the needle. Different variations exist. The long-tail cast-on is the most popular method because it creates a consistent, elastic edge that works for a variety of stitches. For that reason, it can be used for almost any project. Some knitters use it almost exclusively, but as you test out other cast-on methods later on, you will have a preference.
2. Garter stitch
Garter stitch is the most basic stitch in knitting because you knit each and every stitch. It is row after row of the same knit stitch, creating a "wavy," rippled effect. If you are just starting off in knitting, it is recommended that you count each row to make sure you haven't added or dropped a stitch by mistake.
3. Stockinette stitch
The stockinette stitch is a classic knit stitch formed by knitting one row of knit stitches and purling one row of stitches. By alternating these two stitches, you create stockinette (often known as "jersey" fabric in the fashion world). Learning this essential stitch is important because it is used in classic garments from hats to scarves to socks. The stockinette stitch has two sides: a front and back (or rather, inside). The (smooth) knit side of the fabric is traditionally referred to as the "right side" whereas the (bumpy) purl side of the fabric is the "wrong side." Stockinette fabric often curls at the edges, which is why many garments call for the edges of stockinette fabric to have a ribbed or garter lining to stabilize the curl. If you knit stockinette in the round, you will only have to knit each round, not purl.
4. Purl stitch
The purl stitch reflects the back side of the knit stitch and looks like a little bump (whereas the knit stitch looks like a "V"). Once you master the purl and knit stitch, you will be able to learn many new patterns. This lesson teaches you how to purl through the front loop using the English method.
5. Knit stitch
Each knit stitch looks like a "V" or heart. If you use only knit stitches, you are knitting in garter. Knit stitches can be combined with purls to create alternate texture such as a moss or seed stitch. "K" stands for "knit" in knitting patterns. For example, "k1" means "knit 1 stitch" (e.g. "k2" means "knit 2 stitches"). A good thing to remember is to count stitches every row if you are a beginner so you can keep track.
6. Ribbing

Often, when people get finished with a project, they have just a little bit of yarn left. The leftover yarn gets tucked into a bag or stashed into a storage spot and forgotten. Put them to good use with one of these creative DIY projects.
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