7+ focusing basics that'll help you take your photography to the next level

Focusing plays an integral part of photography. You can have a great set up, but if your focus is a little off, then the entire shot can be ruined. Here are 7+ focusing basics that'll help you take your photography to the next level.
Having the right focus is a basic but important part in producing great shots in photography. By learning the basics, you can use these as stepping stones to more advanced methods in the future. Try some or all the below focusing methods out to practice getting sharp images.
1. Aperture
Aperture determines how much light enters the camera's sensor. F-stop is the term to measure the aperture. The smaller the f-stop number is, the larger the aperture is with a shallow depth of field. The larger the f-stop, the smaller the aperture.
2. Small and large apertures
You want to adjust your aperture for depth of field. To get a comprehensive depth of field, set your aperture to f/11 or more. If you are shooting on a sunny day, set it around f/16 or more. Test out different apertures to get a feel for the different depths of field.
3. Depth of field
Depth of field is how deep the focus goes into your shot. The depth of field in any photograph can be shallow or deep. There is a place where your subject or object's focus is the sharpest, no matter what the depth of field.
4. Lens distance
How far the subject is from the lens will also affect the focus. When an object is close to the lens, the depth of focus becomes shallow. When an object is further away the depth of field becomes deeper. You can also move the lens to change the depth and field.
5. Focus on one area
Practice focusing on one area of your composition. To do this, you need to be shooting in manual mode. Dots or small squares will show up in your viewfinder. Click one of these to focus in on that area.
6. Focus mode
There are a few focus selections available on DSLRs. The two main focus modes are auto and continuous focus. Auto focus is great for beginners, but since the camera doesn't always know where to focus correctly, don't rely on this one. Continuous focus works great for action shots.
7. Select a focus
Its important to know where to direct the camera's focus. Since there are many focus points that can be chosen from the viewfinder, test them all out to see which one best focuses your chosen composition.
8. Practice makes perfect
Since finding the right focus can be tricky at first, give yourself plenty of time to try out all these methods with different types of photos. You will begin to recognize the right type of focus to use on certain compositions once you get the hang of it.

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